The Canadian Antimicrobial Resistance Alliance (CARA) launched a website in early 2007, CAN-R (www.can-r.ca). The site is an online research portal designed to aid and educate Canadian healthcare providers on the escalating issue of antimicrobial resistance in Canada.

Providing current and comprehensive information, the site includes a variety of features and tools on antimicrobial resistance in Canada including:

  • Surveillance of pathogens and infections from our national CANWARD study
  • Surveillance of antimicrobial resistance in CANWARD
  • Surveillance of S. pneumoniae antimicrobial resistance in SAVE
  • Antimicrobial usage data
  • Activity of investigational and new antimicrobials
  • Current research presented at major conferences
  • Key publications from evidence-based medical literature
  • Videos: antimicrobial mechanisms of action and resistance (see EDUCATION)

Who will benefit from CAN-R

CAN-R is a useful tool for researchers, medical care providers, and the media in understanding the rise of antimicrobial resistance in Canada and how it is being managed.


In 2007, CARA initiated the CANWARD study. CANWARD is a national, annual, CARA/ National Microbiology Laboratory - Public Health Agency of Canada-partnered surveillance study assessing pathogens causing patient infections in Canadian hospitals and their antimicrobial resistance patterns.


In 2011, CARA, the University of Manitoba, and the National Microbiology Laboratory-Public Health Agency of Canada began a collaboration to assess changes in antimicrobial resistance patterns of S. pneumoniae serotypes annually, as part of the SAVE (Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotyping and Antimicrobial Susceptibility: Assessment for Vaccine Efficacy in Canada After the Introduction of PCV-13) study.

Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada The Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics The British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy CACMID - Canadian Association for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Canadian Bacterial Surveillance Network International Centre for Infectious Diseases University of Manitoba